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Lacistemataceae Holistic Database Neotropical Plant Families Database U.K. Communities of Woodland & Scrub Species 2000 University of Reading Herbarium RNG, University of Reading, U.K.

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The taxonomic classification of Lacistemataceae

As time has past and with development of new tools and methodologies relationships between plants and their taxonomic ranks have been redefined - from morphological taxonomy (1700s) through numeric taxonomy (1960s) and chemotaxonomy (1970s) to computational taxonomy (1990s) and genetic taxonomy (2000s). Thus ranks have been renamed and families reassigned to different orders.

Morphological taxonomic Ranks (adapted from Wikipedia)

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2016) genetic taxonomic ranks

Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (2017Jul) Malpighales genetic tree

Changes since 1915 to the taxonomic Rank -Order- for Lacistemataceae
Order Author Date Publication
Ranales Bessey C E 1915 The phylogenetic taxonomy of flowering plants, Annals of Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol 2(1/2): pages 109-164
Piperales Hutchinson J 1926 The families of Flowering Plants I
Cistales Gunderson A 1950 Family of dicotyledons
Cistales Takhtajan A 1959 Die evolution der angiospermen
Violales Melchior H 1964 Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien
Violales Cronquist A 1968 The evolution and classification of flowering plants
Violales Dahlgren R M 1975 A system of classification of angiosperms to be used to demonstrate the distribution of characters
Malpighiales The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants (APG I), Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Vol. 85(4): pages 531-553
Malpighiales Brummitt R K 2007 in Heywood V H, Brummitt R K, Culham A & Seberg O (2007) Flowering plant families of the world
Malpighiales The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 2016 An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 181(1): pages 1-20
Malpighiales Peter Stevens 2019Aug09 (access date) Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Version 14 - 2017 July