Neotropical Plant Families Database Copyright F E Young 08 September 2009

the e-monography extension project to Lacistemataceae Holistic Database @ www.lacistemataceae.org


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Ticodendraceae Gómez-Laur. & L.D. Gómez

LSID urn:lsid:ubio.org:namebank:8550773

Gómez-Laurito J, Goméz Pignataro L D (1989) A new tree from Central America, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Press, St. Louis: Vol. 76(4): 1148-1151

1 Species: Ticodendron incognitum Gómez-Laur. & L.D. Gómez

LSID None

Protologue: Gómez-Laurito J, Goméz Pignataro L D (1989) A new tree from Central America, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Press, St. Louis: Vol. 76(4): 1148

Common names

candelillo morado
… Meaning: unknown; Language: not specified; Country: Costa Rica [Gómez-Laurito J, Goméz Pignataro L D (1989)]
duraznillo
… Meaning: unknown; Language: not specified; Country: Costa Rica [Gómez-Laurito J, Goméz Pignataro L D (1989)]
jaúl macho
… Meaning: male alder; Language: not specified; Country: not specified [Gómez-Laurito J, Goméz Pignataro L D (1989)]
jaúl mazareno
… Meaning: purplish alder; Language: not specified; Country: not specified [Gómez-Laurito J, Goméz Pignataro L D (1989)]

Named after

Tico = Costa Rican diminutive
dendron = tree (Greek)
incognitum = incognito (chosen as this species had been recognised but overlooked as it was thought to be an alder, hence the common name)

Types

Holotype: G. Herrera, I. Chacón & A. Solis 515 at CR

Isotypes: G. Herrera, I. Chacón & A. Solis 515 at F, K, MO

Syntypes: None specified

Protologue

Arbor dioicus vel polygamo-dioicus, 7-20 m altus, 40-80 cm diametro ad pectoris. Germinationis hypogaeus. Cortex exfolians; interna facies nonnulla aliquanda caeruleopurpurascens. Lignum spadiceum, durissimum;
Ramulis teretis, 3-5 mm crassis, nodosis, sulcatis, griseis, versus apicem complanatis, juvenis pilosis, pilibus unicellulatis simplicibus vel raro apicem furcatis, pallide ambarinis, cicatricibus stipulorum delapsorum notatis. Stipulae subulatae, usque 15 mm longae, circumdatae, caducae. Petiolis 10-15 mm longis, supra sulcatis, juvenis hirsutis (vide supra), demum lenticellatis;
Foliae alternae, lamina elliptico-ovata, 8-13 cm longa, 4-8 cm lata, sub-coriacea, margine in parte superiore serrata, base cuneata, apicem acuminata supra glaberrima, infra glabrescente, juvenis utrinque lanatis, pilibus longioris, rigidis, acutis, nervis secundaris 8-13 paribus, regulariter arquatis, sub-oppositis, paralellis, infra elevatis, supra canaliculatis, ceteri nervis sub lente reticulatis, flavislucem transmissa;
Inflorescentiae secundatae. "Amenta" 1.5-4 cm longa, simple vel ramificata, aliquando flos feminea coronatis. Axis leviter fractiflexis, pilosis. Stamina numerosae, 2-4 verticillatae dispositae; (verticillum 8-12 mm diametrum) bracteae 3, latae ovatae vel deltoideae, 5 mm longae, 5 mm latae basae, mox deciduae; filamenta 2-3 mm longa, teretes, pilosa; antherae oblongae, 2 mm longae, basifixae; thecae geminatae, longitudinaliter dehiscentibus, connectivo subulato producto. Granula pollinis ca. 2 µm crassa, subglobosa, leviter. Flos feminea solitariae extremitatis surculorum dispositae. Pedicelis 3 mm longis, adpreso-pilosis. "Bractea involucratae" 3, ovatae, 2.5-3 mm longae, adpreso-pilosae, mox deciduae. Perianthium tubus adpresso-pilosus, carnosus, viridis. Ovarium inferum, biloculare in perianthium tubus inclusum, placentatio axilis. Ovula 4 (ut videtur abortu 1), hemitropa. Stigmata 2, pilosa, 5-12 mm longa.
Fructus asymetricus, unilateraliter inflatus, ovatis, basim rotundatis, apicem acutis, drupaceis, vix 7 cm longis, 4 cm crassis, viridis, mucilaginosis; in siccitatem putamen avellaneum, lignossimum, longistrorsum sulcatus.

Full morphological description and images

See A new tree from Central America for the original description, photographs and line drawings: 1148-1151

Morphological description at Neotropikey, Royal Botanic Garden, Kew

Stevens P F (2001 onwards) Angiosperm Phylogeny website

Images available at www.tropicos.org

Distribution

Costa Rica; Guatemala; Mexico: Oaxaca; Panama; Nicaragua

Habitat

Moist to wet forests [Gómez-Laurito J, Goméz Pignataro L D (1989)]
Altitude: 500-2400 m [Hammel B, Burger W G (1991)]

Ecology

Information to follow

Conservation

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species - Category: Vulnerable
Located in protected reserves: yes

Voucher specimens

Location unknown

Chromosome & ploidy values

Chromosome number: 26 (sporophyte)
Reference source: Goldblatt P, Johnson D E (eds.) (1979 onwards) Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers, Missouri Botanic Garden, St. Louis

Molecular sequences

EMBL-EBI

Ecological phytochemicals

Unknown

Pollination mechanism

Wind

Seed dispersal vectors (frugivores)

Unknown

Other plant/animal associations

Unknown

Human uses

Wood: used as firewood

Other references sources

Hammel B, Burger W G (1991) Neither oak nor alder, but nearly: the history of Ticodendraceae, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Garden Press, St. Louis, Vol. 78(1): 89-95